Water, as a resource, is important for every country; it is fundamental to human health, well-being, productivity, and livelihoods. It is also essential for the sustainability of ecosystems and biodiversity. Several countries overall the world are suffering from chronic water scarcity problems as a result of natural and human-made causes. To mitigate this problem and its impacts on social, environmental and economic systems Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) concept has been introduced and accepted internationally so as to ensure sustainable management of water resources. IWRM has gained worldwide acceptance as an important approach towards more effective management of increasingly scarce water resources. In 2000 the Technical Committee of the Global Water Partnership (GWP) defined IWRM as “a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital eco-systems”.
Governance systems for IWRM require integrated approaches to social, economic, and environmental aspects, as well as appropriate modalities for stakeholders participation. In this context; efficient participation of different actors in managing water resources has been defined as one of the sustainable water management principles. This concept promotes “Social Equity” which is one of the fundamental topics of IWRM. It aims to bring relevant stakeholders into contact with each other’s to discuss and generate equitable and sustainable solutions to water problems and promote “bottom – up” decision making process. Many countries in Arab region are currently undertaking IWRM and water governance reforms. There are on-going development projects in many Arab countries, which are formulating new management practices and identifying roles and responsibilities in the water sector, orienting priorities towards IWM. In this context; the draft strategy for water in the Mediterranean identified the need to enhance the participation of all stakeholders at all levels by establishing efficient participation methodology of stakeholders participation in IWRM process.